The inclusion of images in Visual-Meta is to enable the user to interact with the image in useful ways, by letting the readers software understand aspects of what the image is.

Location. Image numbering (img001) is done starting with the first known image, then going through the document starting top left on a page, then going from left to right, and down. A reference to page and location in relation to other images is also included. This is the image ID.

Cite. An image is a citable unit of information and as such is addressable and indicates where it is from, using the same format as any citation.

Type. The image can be any of the following or more (it depends on the reading software how this will be parsed):

  • Image (default)
  • Photograph (this can include EXIF data)
  • Mural (this can indicate expected full dimensions)
  • Map (this can indicate location in text: such as location = {London})
  • Graph (this can indicate variables used)
  • Diagram (this can indicate variables used)
  • Imagemap (if so, there is image map information to follow, using standard W3 image map data and you can see the example here is taken from W3)



ID = {img001},
page = {12},
pagelocation = {1},

author = {Munch, Edward},
title = {The Scream},
year = {1893},
url = {},

type = {imagemap},

<map name=”workmap”>
  {<area shape=”rect” coords=”34,44,270,350″ alt=”Computer” href=”computer.htm”>
  <area shape=”rect” coords=”290,172,333,250″ alt=”Phone” href=”phone.htm”>
  <area shape=”circle” coords=”337,300,44″ alt=”Coffee” href=”coffee.htm”>


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